tokenizer

class RobertaTokenizer(*args, **kwargs)[源代码]

基类:object

RobertaTokenizer is a generic tokenizer class that will be instantiated as either RobertaChineseTokenizer or RobertaBPETokenizer when created with the RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained() class method.

class RobertaChineseTokenizer(vocab_file, do_lower_case=True, do_basic_tokenize=True, never_split=None, unk_token='[UNK]', sep_token='[SEP]', pad_token='[PAD]', cls_token='[CLS]', mask_token='[MASK]', tokenize_chinese_chars=True, strip_accents=None, **kwargs)[源代码]

基类:paddlenlp.transformers.tokenizer_utils.PretrainedTokenizer

Constructs a RoBerta tokenizer. It uses a basic tokenizer to do punctuation splitting, lower casing and so on, and follows a WordPiece tokenizer to tokenize as subwords.

This tokenizer inherits from PretrainedTokenizer which contains most of the main methods. For more information regarding those methods, please refer to this superclass.

参数
  • vocab_file (str) -- The vocabulary file path (ends with '.txt') required to instantiate a WordpieceTokenizer.

  • do_lower_case (bool) -- Whether or not to lowercase the input when tokenizing. Defaults to`True`.

  • unk_token (str) -- A special token representing the unknown (out-of-vocabulary) token. An unknown token is set to be unk_token inorder to be converted to an ID. Defaults to "[UNK]".

  • sep_token (str) -- A special token separating two different sentences in the same input. Defaults to "[SEP]".

  • pad_token (str) -- A special token used to make arrays of tokens the same size for batching purposes. Defaults to "[PAD]".

  • cls_token (str) -- A special token used for sequence classification. It is the last token of the sequence when built with special tokens. Defaults to "[CLS]".

  • mask_token (str) -- A special token representing a masked token. This is the token used in the masked language modeling task which the model tries to predict the original unmasked ones. Defaults to "[MASK]".

实际案例

from paddlenlp.transformers import RobertaTokenizer
tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-wwm-ext')

tokens = tokenizer('He was a puppeteer')
#{'input_ids': [101, 9245, 9947, 143, 11227, 9586, 8418, 8854, 8180, 102],
#'token_type_ids': [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]}、
property vocab_size

Return the size of vocabulary.

返回

The size of vocabulary.

返回类型

int

get_vocab()[源代码]

Returns the vocabulary as a dictionary of token to index.

tokenizer.get_vocab()[token] is equivalent to tokenizer.convert_tokens_to_ids(token) when token is in the vocab.

返回

The vocabulary.

返回类型

Dict[str, int]

convert_tokens_to_string(tokens)[源代码]

Converts a sequence of tokens (list of string) to a single string. Since the usage of WordPiece introducing ## to concat subwords, also removes ## when converting.

参数

tokens (list) -- A list of string representing tokens to be converted.

返回

Converted string from tokens.

返回类型

str

实际案例

from paddlenlp.transformers import RobertaTokenizer

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-wwm-ext')
tokens = tokenizer.tokenize('He was a puppeteer')
'''
['he', 'was', 'a', 'puppet', '##eer']
'''
strings = tokenizer.convert_tokens_to_string(tokens)
'''
he was a puppeteer
'''
num_special_tokens_to_add(pair=False)[源代码]

Returns the number of added tokens when encoding a sequence with special tokens.

参数

pair (bool) -- Whether the input is a sequence pair or a single sequence. Defaults to False and the input is a single sequence.

返回

Number of tokens added to sequences.

返回类型

int

build_inputs_with_special_tokens(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None)[源代码]

Build model inputs from a sequence or a pair of sequence for sequence classification tasks by concatenating and adding special tokens.

A RoBERTa sequence has the following format:

  • single sequence: [CLS] X [SEP]

  • pair of sequences: [CLS] A [SEP] B [SEP]

参数
  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) -- List of IDs to which the special tokens will be added.

  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) -- Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs. Defaults to None.

返回

List of input_id with the appropriate special tokens.

返回类型

List[int]

build_offset_mapping_with_special_tokens(offset_mapping_0, offset_mapping_1=None)[源代码]

Build offset map from a pair of offset map by concatenating and adding offsets of special tokens.

A RoBERTa offset_mapping has the following format:

  • single sequence: (0,0) X (0,0)

  • pair of sequences: (0,0) A (0,0) B (0,0)

参数
  • offset_mapping_0 (List[tuple]) -- List of wordpiece offsets to which the special tokens will be added.

  • offset_mapping_1 (List[tuple], optional) -- Optional second list of wordpiece offsets for offset mapping pairs. Defaults to None.

返回

A list of wordpiece offsets with the appropriate offsets of special tokens.

返回类型

List[tuple]

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None)[源代码]

Create a mask from the two sequences passed to be used in a sequence-pair classification task.

A RoBERTa sequence pair mask has the following format:

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
| first sequence    | second sequence |

If token_ids_1 is None, this method only returns the first portion of the mask (0s).

参数
  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) -- A list of inputs_ids for the first sequence.

  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) -- Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs. Defaults to None.

返回

List of token_type_id according to the given sequence(s).

返回类型

List[int]

get_special_tokens_mask(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None, already_has_special_tokens=False)[源代码]

Retrieves sequence ids from a token list that has no special tokens added. This method is called when adding special tokens using the tokenizer encode methods.

参数
  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) -- A list of inputs_ids for the first sequence.

  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) -- Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs. Defaults to None.

  • already_has_special_tokens (bool, optional) -- Whether or not the token list is already formatted with special tokens for the model. Defaults to None.

返回

The list of integers either be 0 or 1: 1 for a special token, 0 for a sequence token.

返回类型

List[int]

class RobertaBPETokenizer(vocab_file, merges_file, errors='replace', bos_token='<s>', eos_token='</s>', sep_token='</s>', cls_token='<s>', unk_token='<unk>', pad_token='<pad>', mask_token='<mask>', add_prefix_space=False, **kwargs)[源代码]

基类:paddlenlp.transformers.gpt.tokenizer.GPTTokenizer

Constructs a Roberta tokenizer based on byte-level Byte-Pair-Encoding.

This tokenizer inherits from GPTTokenizer which contains most of the main methods. For more information regarding those methods, please refer to this superclass.

参数
  • vocab_file (str) -- Path to the vocab file. The vocab file contains a mapping from vocabulary strings to indices.

  • merges_file (str) -- Path to the merge file. The merge file is used to split the input sentence into "subword" units. The vocab file is then used to encode those units as intices.

  • errors (str) -- Paradigm to follow when decoding bytes to UTF-8. Defaults to 'replace'.

实际案例

from paddlenlp.transformers import RobertaBPETokenizer
tokenizer = RobertaBPETokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')

tokens = tokenizer('This is a simple Paddle')
#{'input_ids': [0, 713, 16, 10, 2007, 221, 33151, 2],
#'token_type_ids': [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]}
get_vocab()[源代码]

Returns the vocabulary as a dictionary of token to index.

tokenizer.get_vocab()[token] is equivalent to tokenizer.convert_tokens_to_ids(token) when token is in the vocab.

返回

The vocabulary.

返回类型

Dict[str, int]

build_inputs_with_special_tokens(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None)[源代码]

Build model inputs from a sequence or a pair of sequence for sequence classification tasks by concatenating and adding special tokens.

get_offset_mapping(text)[源代码]

Returns the map of tokens and the start and end index of their start and end character. Modified from https://github.com/bojone/bert4keras/blob/master/bert4keras/tokenizers.py#L372 :param text: Input text. :type text: str :param split_tokens: the tokens which has been split which can accelerate the operation. :type split_tokens: Optional[List[str]]

返回

The offset map of input text.

返回类型

list

build_offset_mapping_with_special_tokens(offset_mapping_0, offset_mapping_1=None)[源代码]

Build offset map from a pair of offset map by concatenating and adding offsets of special tokens.

A Roberta offset_mapping has the following format:

  • single sequence: (0,0) X (0,0)

  • pair of sequences: (0,0) A (0,0) (0,0) B (0,0)

参数
  • offset_mapping_0 (List[tuple]) -- List of wordpiece offsets to which the special tokens will be added.

  • offset_mapping_1 (List[tuple], optional) -- Optional second list of wordpiece offsets for offset mapping pairs. Defaults to None.

返回

A list of wordpiece offsets with the appropriate offsets of special tokens.

返回类型

List[tuple]

get_special_tokens_mask(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None, already_has_special_tokens=False)[源代码]

Retrieves sequence ids from a token list that has no special tokens added. This method is called when adding special tokens using the tokenizer encode methods.

参数
  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) -- A list of inputs_ids for the first sequence.

  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optinal) -- Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs. Defaults to None.

  • already_has_special_tokens (bool, optional) -- Whether or not the token list is already formatted with special tokens for the model. Defaults to None.

返回

The list of integers either be 0 or 1: 1 for a special token, 0 for a sequence token.

返回类型

List[int]

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None)[源代码]

Create the token type IDs corresponding to the sequences passed. [What are token type IDs?](../glossary#token-type-ids)

Should be overridden in a subclass if the model has a special way of building those.

参数
  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) -- The first tokenized sequence.

  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) -- The second tokenized sequence.

返回

The token type ids.

返回类型

List[int]

convert_tokens_to_string(tokens)[源代码]

Converts a sequence of tokens (string) in a single string.

num_special_tokens_to_add(pair=False)[源代码]

Returns the number of added tokens when encoding a sequence with special tokens.

参数

pair (bool) -- Whether the input is a sequence pair or a single sequence. Defaults to False and the input is a single sequence.

返回

Number of tokens added to sequences.

返回类型

int

prepare_for_tokenization(text, is_split_into_words=False, **kwargs)[源代码]

Performs any necessary transformations before tokenization.

This method should pop the arguments from kwargs and return the remaining kwargs as well. We test the kwargs at the end of the encoding process to be sure all the arguments have been used.

参数
  • text (str) -- The text to prepare.

  • is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) -- Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words). If set to True, the tokenizer assumes the input is already split into words (for instance, by splitting it on whitespace) which it will tokenize. This is useful for NER or token classification.

  • kwargs -- Keyword arguments to use for the tokenization.

返回

The prepared text and the unused kwargs.

返回类型

Tuple[str, Dict[str, Any]]