# optimizer

layerwise_lr_decay(decay_rate, name_dict, n_layers, param)[源代码]

• decay_rate (float) -- The layer-wise decay ratio.

• name_dict (dict) -- The keys of name_dict is dynamic name of model while the value of name_dict is static name. Use model.named_parameters() to get name_dict.

• n_layers (int) -- Total number of layers in the transformer encoder.

class AdamWDL(learning_rate=0.001, beta1=0.9, beta2=0.999, epsilon=1e-08, parameters=None, weight_decay=0.01, apply_decay_param_fun=None, grad_clip=None, lazy_mode=False, multi_precision=False, layerwise_decay=1.0, n_layers=12, set_param_lr_fun=<function layerwise_lr_decay>, name_dict=None, name=None)[源代码]

The AdamWDL optimizer is implemented based on the AdamW Optimization with dynamic lr setting. Generally it's used for transformer model. We use "layerwise_lr_decay" as default dynamic lr setting method of AdamWDL. “Layer-wise decay” means exponentially decaying the learning rates of individual layers in a top-down manner. For example, suppose the 24-th layer uses a learning rate l, and the Layer-wise decay rate is α, then the learning rate of layer m is lα^(24-m). See more details on: https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.08237. .. math:

```& t = t + 1

& moment\_1\_out = {\beta}_1 * moment\_1 + (1 - {\beta}_1) * grad
& moment\_2\_out = {\beta}_2 * moment\_2 + (1 - {\beta}_2) * grad * grad
& learning\_rate = learning\_rate * \frac{\sqrt{1 - {\beta}_2^t}}{1 - {\beta}_1^t}
& param\_out = param - learning\_rate * (\frac{moment\_1}{\sqrt{moment\_2} + \epsilon} + \lambda * param)
```

• learning_rate (float|LRScheduler, optional) -- The learning rate used to update `Parameter`. It can be a float value or a LRScheduler. The default value is 0.001.

• beta1 (float, optional) -- The exponential decay rate for the 1st moment estimates. It should be a float number or a Tensor with shape  and data type as float32. The default value is 0.9.

• beta2 (float, optional) -- The exponential decay rate for the 2nd moment estimates. It should be a float number or a Tensor with shape  and data type as float32. The default value is 0.999.

• epsilon (float, optional) -- A small float value for numerical stability. It should be a float number or a Tensor with shape  and data type as float32. The default value is 1e-08.

• parameters (list|tuple, optional) -- List/Tuple of `Tensor` to update to minimize `loss`. This parameter is required in dygraph mode. The default value is None in static mode, at this time all parameters will be updated.

• weight_decay (float, optional) -- The weight decay coefficient, it can be float or Tensor. The default value is 0.01.

• apply_decay_param_fun (function|None, optional) -- If it is not None, only tensors that makes apply_decay_param_fun(Tensor.name)==True will be updated. It only works when we want to specify tensors. Default: None.

• grad_clip (GradientClipBase, optional) -- Gradient cliping strategy, it's an instance of some derived class of `GradientClipBase` . There are three cliping strategies ( api_fluid_clip_GradientClipByGlobalNorm , api_fluid_clip_GradientClipByNorm , api_fluid_clip_GradientClipByValue ). Default None, meaning there is no gradient clipping.

• lazy_mode (bool, optional) -- The official Adam algorithm has two moving-average accumulators. The accumulators are updated at every step. Every element of the two moving-average is updated in both dense mode and sparse mode. If the size of parameter is very large, then the update may be very slow. The lazy mode only update the element that has gradient in current mini-batch, so it will be much more faster. But this mode has different semantics with the original Adam algorithm and may lead to different result. The default value is False.

• multi_precision (bool, optional) -- Whether to use multi-precision during weight updating. Default is false.

• layerwise_decay (float, optional) -- The layer-wise decay ratio. Defaults to 1.0.

• n_layers (int, optional) -- The total number of encoder layers. Defaults to 12.

• set_param_lr_fun (function|None, optional) -- If it's not None, set_param_lr_fun() will set the parameter learning rate before it executes Adam Operator. Defaults to layerwise_lr_decay.

• name_dict (dict, optional) -- The keys of name_dict is dynamic name of model while the value of name_dict is static name. Use model.named_parameters() to get name_dict.

• name (str, optional) -- Normally there is no need for user to set this property. For more information, please refer to api_guide_Name. The default value is None.

class InverseSquareRootSchedule(warmup_steps, learning_rate=1.0, last_epoch=-1, verbose=False)[源代码]

Decay the LR based on the inverse square root of the update number.

We also support a warmup phase where we linearly increase the learning rate from some initial learning rate until the configured learning rate. Thereafter we decay proportional to the number of updates, with a decay factor set to align with the configured learning rate.

• warmup_steps (int) -- The number of warmup steps. A super parameter.

• learning_rate (float, optional) -- The learning rate. It is a python float number. Defaults to 1.0.

• last_epoch (int, optional) -- The index of last epoch. Can be set to restart training. Default: -1, means initial learning rate.

• verbose (bool, optional) -- If `True`, prints a message to stdout for each update. Defaults to `False`.

get_lr()[源代码]

For those subclass who overload `LRScheduler` (Base Class), User should have a custom implementation of `get_lr()` .

Otherwise, an `NotImplementedError` exception will be thrown.